Vz24 Mauser Serial Numbers

Posted By admin On 08/08/21

Scott scba serial number location. The M1922 rifles can be found with sights marked in western or the old Farsi type numbers used on the Persian Mausers. This relationship continued up through 1938. In addition to the rifles mentioned above ZB supplied several other Mauser designs for export. 1)The Model JC, a reduced weight Vz24 with slimmer barrel and stock. Czech Vz24 Mauser Serial Numbers Dell's tried and tested U2718Q is a feature-laden monitor that supports HDR content playback. It's still, unfortunately, missing a USB-C port, but it does have a USB 3.0 hub, HDMI, DisplayPort, mini DisplayPort, and a 3.5mm audio jack. The difference was that it had a cleaning rod channel that ran all the way to the crossguard, the same as a VZ24 bayonet. Fn Mauser Database Serial Numbers Were Made. How do yall know what serial numbers were made during what years I have been trying to find more info on these beautiful rifles, but there just isnt much out there. The VZ 24 Mauser was a bolt-action carbine designed and produced in Czechoslovakia from 1924 to 1942. In Caliber: 8m/m Mauser. The VZ 24 was developed from the German Mauser Gewehr 98. The VZ 24 is considered to be the best quality of all the Mauser rifle series. Vz24 Czech Mauser. Serial # has me stumped Czech Mauser Serial Numbers. The receiver is scrubbed of the crest as well as the original serial number (I think) but has been re-stamped with a different number. It still has the 'Zbrojovka Brno, A.S.

Czech Rifles 1918-1958

By Dan Reynolds and Reine Smith
At the close of World War One, the Imperial Austro Hungarian Empire collapsed. A state was formed out of Bohemia, Slovakia, Moravia, Ruthenia and the Sudetenland. It was dominated by the Czechs of Bohemia. Even before the Empire had formally capitulated, a small arms workshop was set up in a former Imperial Army Artillery Arsenal in Brno, which was in the middle of Moravia, to provide rifles to the new Czechoslovakia. Progress was made to the point that new Mannlicher rifles of the Imperial Model 1895 in 8x50mm were being made by 1920, 5000 being produced in 1921 and production of the Mannlicher is believed to have continued until about the summer of 1921. This rifle bares the receiver mark CS. ST., ZBROJOVKA, BRNO, and was chosen, as many former Imperial rifles of this type were on hand and the facility was rebuilding unserviceable specimens which had been collected. This was destined to be an interim measure as it was soon decided that the best rifle for the new Czech Army was the Mauser 1898 type. The great Mauser works at Oberendorf could no longer sell military rifles or pistols to Germany or any other country as a result of Allied occupation and the peace treaty imposed by the victorious powers of WWI. The Czech government arranged to buy a complete production line for the Gew 98, parts on hand, and all work in progress. They also bought the rights to a new pistol design from Mauser which evolved into the series of service pistols used by Czechoslovakia up to WWII and were made at the CZ Strakonice Arsenal. The tooling was moved from Mauser to the arsenal works at Brno ( pronounced Bear-No ) but there were problems getting set up and into production. The Czechs thought they were getting a complete technical package, but this was not so, and it took longer than expected to get serial production underway. The first batch of Mausers was assembled using mostly German parts and may have been out of shop as early as April 1920. A modified design based on the Mauser was considered, but the Model 1922 based on the Gew 98 and using the tangent rear sight of 1916 was put into serial production in 7.92x57mm. The earlier rifles assembled from German parts had the Lange rear sight. Both varieties of GEW98 bare the receiver CS. ST. ZBROJOVKA, BRNO and on one I just received, CESKOLOVENSKA ZBROJOVKA BRNO. VZ23 and VZ24s were later manufactured and bear the Receiver markings CS. ZAVODY, NA VYROBU ZBRANI, BRNO and CESKOLOVENSKA ZBROJOVKA BRNO. There are bayonets for these guns that bare the CSZ marking, which is a further reduction of C.S. ZAVODY which means Czech Slovakia Factory and bayonets that just have a Z in a circle. Later the markings were changed to the Bohemian lion Crest with CESKOLOVENSKA ZBROJOVKA A.S. BRNO VZ 24 (VZ stands for Model) on the left side rail. Contract rifles were also marked on the left rail in this manner with the appropriate crest of the country purchasing on the receiver. Romania, I know had their crest on some, while China, had some with a P prefix on the serial number and were dated 1937 and again Romanian arms were dated 1938-39-40. These dated rifles were also issued to the Czech Army as some bare the Army acceptance mark which is an E (small Czech lion) and date. There were some other markings on the VZ24s as well, FABRICA CHECOSLOVACA DE ARMAS SA BRNO( on South American arms), ZBROJOVKA BRNO A.S. VZ24. The production on the VZ 24 started in late 1924 or early 25 and lasted until 1942 producing hundreds of thousands of rifles. In addition to the ones I have already mentioned VZ 24's were made for Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Estonia, Guatemala, Iran (Sun Lion crested), Lativa, Lithuania, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, El Salvador, Siam/Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay( Known as the M37),Venezuela and Yugoslavia. I think, contrary to popular belief, that there never were any Japanese contract rifles and that the VZ24s that the Japanese had were captured from the Chinese. They were used to arm some of their troops and were then recaptured by the Chinese at the end of the war. If I am not mistaken these rifles were captured and issued to 5 divisions of Japanese. I have also heard that they were issued to the Japanese Navy and have seen a photo with Japanese cadets carrying them. There is also the possibility that they were given to the Japanese by Germany after the 1939 capture of Czechoslovakia. China made several purchases during the period 1929-39. After Germany took Czechoslovakia the Germans kept shipping until the Japanese protested directly to Hitler. The German military had been close to the Chinese as advisers and favored them. After the Japs joined the AXIS the official policy cut off China but despite this Germans in the Whermact, Foreign Office and other positions allowed or facilitated shipments. The last one (from FN pre war production) went down the Burma Road in early 1941. The VZ24 was manufactured in 7.92mm, 7X57mm, 7.65X53mm and were known in Romania as the 'ZB' rifle.

The Czechs were hard up for cash and would reuse old parts to help fabricate new contract Mausers at times, as well as sell off older pattern Mausers to pay for new VZ24 Mausers for the Czech Army. Eventually Turkey purchased most of the Model 1922, and VZ23, from the Czech Government. The M1922 rifles can be found with sights marked in western or the old Farsi type numbers used on the Persian Mausers. This relationship continued up through 1938.

In addition to the rifles mentioned above ZB supplied several other Mauser designs for export.
1)The Model JC, a reduced weight Vz24 with slimmer barrel and stock. Stock notched for turned down bolt knob.
2)The Model L short rifle, carbine, and short carbine. Short carbine was supplied to Latvia in early 1930's in .303 British to supplement her Pattern 14 and Ross M1910 .303 rifles.
3)Model 98/29 long rifle and carbine supplied to Persia/Iran, marked on the side rail in Farsi.
4)Model 12/33 and 12/34 carbines
5)Model 16/33 carbines
6)Model 33/40 Mountain Carbine manufactured for the Germans during WWII

At the beginning of 1937 ZB opened a second major factory, Plant 2 at Povaska Bystrica to make rifles and bayonets. Production rate at BRNO was 800 rifles a day in early 1938, 400 at Bystrica.

By 1938 the German tooling was worn out. Czech engineers and technicians designed and built a modern production line with all new Czech produced tooling and gauges. In a series of joint ventures with Yugoslavia, Romania, and Iran, they sold these countries this technology along with their technical expertize. The Yugo plant came on line first, then the Romanian plant. The Iranian plant did not become fully operational until after WW2. Just as I did for a while, people think that the M24 that Yugoslavia produced is the same as the VZ24, but the Yugo M24 is actually a copy of the FN24 intermediate action, that they produced at the Military Technical Institute on FN machinery until they received the Czech tooling. The FN design was modified by Yugoslav ordnance engineers to incorporate the full cartridge base support feature on the M10C bolt head and also to allow the safety switch to be applied with the bolt uncocked. It has also been stated that the WZ29 from Poland is a copy of the VZ24 but again, not so. ZB did rework some of the WZ29s that were meant for the Zionists in Palestine but were instead sent to Spain during their Civil war and these were marked with a circle Z on some parts leading to the wrong conclusion. Up until 1938 most Czech reserves were still armed with M95 Mannlichers and when the Czech Army was disbanded in 1939, it gave Germany 762, 000 Vz24 along with 986, 000 Vz24 bayonets.

During WWII the ZB arsenal was renamed by the Germans, Waffen Werke Brunn , and produced the Kar98K coded with dot and swp.

Complete rifles based on the very late war Karabiner 98K Kreigsmodell Mauser with winter trigger guard were produced for the Czech Army in the post war period, marked CESKOSLOVENSKA ZBROJOVKA, A.S. BRNO. Mainly the Czechoslovakian Army was armed with weapons supplied by the WW2 Allies and seized German weapons, as well as ex-Czech weapons previously seized by Germany after 1938. The new arms industry was occupied mainly in the reworking of booty weapons while making spare parts for older Czech weapons. Foreign contracts for rifles in the postwar era were few due to vast stocks of weapons produced during the war. The biggest contract was for Israel during 1948 and 1949. East Germany and Bolivia were among the few other customers interested in Czech made rifles in the period 1950-51.

A design by Josef and Frantisek Kouchy appeared after the war and was designated the ZK420. The trigger group is similar to the M1 and the CZ52, firing the large caliber 7.92x57. This rifle appeared in the ZB catalog and was tested by Denmark, UK, Sweden, Ethiopia, Egypt, Israel and Switzerland but was never adopted by anyone. The Czech Army was going to adopt this design in the late 1940's, but after the communist take over 1n 1948 this was canceled and the the Czechs developed other designs chambered for a new 7.5mm short round less powerful than the 7.62x39mm . This round was criticized by the Soviet 'big brothers' attached to the new 'People's Army' and the 7.62x45mm round, more powerful than the 7.62x39mm, was developed for the new rifle contenders in 1949-50. In 1949 the ZK420 design, existing examples, parts and tooling was sold to Israel. The Design competed against the Johnson, K43, SAFN and Garand in tests during 1950-51 in Israel.

In 1950 arms production was put on a war footing and increased 400% as Russia ordered preparation for the expected war with the West. After this, small arms exports dwindled to non Communist countries. Stalin had given permission for the Czechs to adopt 'national conception' designs after the excellent show trials put on to purge the Party in 1950-51 and
it was recognized that a semi-automatic rifle was needed to rearm the Army. Several designs were developed in various calibers. The CZ493 of 1949 led to the improved CZ502 which in final form was adopted as the VZ52 in 7.62x45mm in 1952. It was designed by J. Kratochvil at Ceska Zbrojovka, N.P. in Strakonice and was put into production at Povaska Bystrica, code 'SHE', where it was made from 1952 to 1956 and at Uhersky Brod, code 'AYM', from 1952 to 1957. With Soviet approval it was exported to Egypt, Syria and Cuba. At a later date, Cuba supplied some of their rifles to Grenada and to some African groups. The Union of Egypt and Syria in 1958 into the United Arab Republic led to Egypt sending many of its VZ52 to Syria, which are found to be marked UAR.

After Stalin's death and the formation of the Warsaw Pact, Moscow ordered the adoption of the 7.62x39mm Soviet cartridge. The new modified VZ52/57 in 7.62x39mm was made only at Uhersky Brod, code 'AYM', although some 'SHE' rifles were converted to 7.62x39mm. The Soviet Army was never happy with the VZ52. They tested it against the SKS 7.62x39mm carbine and found it inferior.

It was stated that the VZ52 was inferior to the SKS as it was too complicated, being harder to strip, clean, handle and maintain.

The Czech Palace Guard at Prague Castle still use the VZ52 or VZ52/57 as a ceremonial rifle.

In 1958 an assault rifle was designed and produced by Ceskoslovenskia Zbrojovka Strakonice to replace the VZ52/57 and is the VZ58. The weapon looks very similiar to the AK47, the concept is the same, but the internal parts are quite different. The gun was produce in three stock varieties Wood, Plastic, and metal folding and is still in use in Czechoslovakia today. Very few original VZ58's are in collectors hands in the U.S.A.

On this page I have outlined the various VZ24 and VZ33 pattern bayonets available to the collector and have used my own collection and photographs from other collectors to illustrate the variations. The information below has been gleaned from books and discussions held by the BCN, any mistake, correction or additional information will be gratefully received. Many thanks to Brian Conkle for the information he provided me based on his knowledge and collection of the VZ bayonets

Czechoslovak manufactured version of the Austrian 1895, for use on the 1895 Mannlicher originally used by the Czech military. These blades can be found with both Austrian and Czech markings.


With the increase in the prominence of the Czech arms industry the VZ23 bayonet was made for export with it's Mauser rifle. Made with the Blade edge upwards as per the Austrian pattern these blades can also be found with a more normal edge down blade. During WWII the Germans used large numbers of Czech blades and removed the muzzle rings, as per standard German practice - the very long hilt groove proving to give sufficient support for the mounted weapon. A shorter version of the 23 can be found with a length of 384mm as opposed to the 540mm of the long blade version. Collectors call the two versions the VZ23 Long and VZ23 short respectively. Some refer to the short as the 98/22, but I have taken this as the designation of the Mannlicher bayonet.

It is thought that the 23 was primarily for export and was used on the VZ23 rifle, the short being used on the 98/22 rifle.


The 24 was the standard issue blade for the Czech army, it has a total length of 430mm and the reversed blade edge, these were made for the VZ24 rifle. Large numbers of these blades were captured by the Germans at the beginning of WWII and these had their muzzle rings removed, to varying degrees - some have large ears remaining from the only partial removal of the ring.

The Belgian FN company had links with the Czech BRNO company and produced an almost identical rifle an blade for export. It is thought that when necessary the Czech's supplied the Belgians with weapons to help complete orders, even though they were in direct competition for the same contracts. This further complicates the identification of users etc. As it may be that Czech blades will turn up that were used by countries that were not supplied with Czech weapons officially. Belgian blades do not have the CSZ or Circle Z markings.

GUNBEAR on one of the bayonet forums has indicated that the following years are readily available 1924, 25, 26, 27, 36, 38, & 39, with the intervening years being difficult to get hold of, either through a lack of production or very low production numbers, it is reported that these years may be available in Slovakia itself. My idea would be that Czechoslovakia only came into being after WWI so there would have been a lot of early production to build up supplies, after this production would be slow or non existent, remember the late 20's saw the great depression, which lasted well into the 30's - part of the reason Hitler came to power - it would only be in the late 30's as Germany was seen as a threat that production would be restarted to refill warehouses or increase the size of the army, this may well account for the non availability of some years.


Czech manufactured models are stamped with a ricasso mark CSZ over a letter. Czech issued blades are typically marked with a stamp consisting of 'letter number LION STAMP number number', details of Czech markings are on a separate page to allow adequate cover without making this page too large.

Export versions of the bayonet were typically marked with a Z in a CIRCLE marking, one circle Z is for Zbrojovka Brno , plant Brno in Protektorat Boehmen und Maehren, two circles is for plant II of Zbrojovka Brno which was was located in northwest Slovakia - Povazska Bystrica.It is however it is possible to find exported blades with CSZ stamps and for Czech blades to be found with the Circled Z mark. This was probably due to the requirements to meet export orders, i.e. Czech bound blades were taken out of production to fulfil export orders and then replaced with export aimed blades. This can make it somewhat confusing, additional problems come from the fact that many countries did not mark the exported blades with identifiable marks to indicate the end user.

Rumania used large numbers of the VZ24, and these are marked with various CM markings, i.e. the C over a curved M in a circle, the M in a larger C, C over straight M , etc. It is possible to find blades and scabbards showing both stampings. Brian Conkle has allowed me to post his page on Rumanian markings here.

Double horse head ricasso marked specimens are believed to be made by Cugir of Rumania for their own use. Cugir had a long tradition in weapons manufacture (since the end of the 18th century). During WW II Cugir arsenal was named 'Uzinele Metalurgice Copsa Mica-Cugir' (in Romanian language), which can be translated as 'The Metallurgic Plants Copsa Mica-Cugir (Information on Cugir via Liviu Stoica)

During German Occupation the Germans supplied the puppet Slovak government with Czech made bayonets, these are marked with a mark similar to the Czech marking but using a stamp with 3 hills with a cross on it, later versions do not have the numbers either side of this stamp. Most of these bayonets also have the Rumanian CM marking.

The Germans took over production of the VZ24 bayonet during WWII, and the markings changed:

WaA only. The first production blades after the occupation were marked with a WaA stamp on the one ricasso and the circle z on the other

Mauser Vz24 Rifle

WaA Inspection markings - (thanks to Brian Conkle)

Brno: (with M/R) single circle/Z with Eagle/WaA63; (no M/R) dot with small size Eagle/63 (end of production for Germany in 1943)

Bystrica: (with M/R) double circle with Eagle/607; (no M/R) double circle/Z with Eagle/A80 (circa 1941 and possibly a little later)

All scabbards: (M/R bayonets and a few A80's) large size Eagle/WaA63; (A80's) medium size Eagle/63 or blank; (German 'dot42/43') small size Eagle/63.

945this mark was initially used on Czech produced blades with the 945 indicating the BRNO factory. Blade was produced without the muzzle ring. Production started at the end of 1940

DOT marked blades can be found with 42 and 43 date stamps on the spine of the blade. These form the predominant VZ24 blades made by the Germans, blades were produced either blued or in the white, and typically without muzzle rings. Ringed DOT blades can be found these were made for a Rumanian export contract. There are rumours of 41 dated blades but these are unconfirmed.

After the war production was resumed and the markings changed to tgf, these can be found with dates of 46,48 and 50. The 50 dated blades were the final VZ24's produced and were made under the Russian occupation period, the Lion being replaced with crossed swords.

Between 1933 to 1938 30,000 bayonets were made for the use of the Financial guards and Police units. This blade was for a carbine and uses a different mounting system from the VZ24 and has a smaller pommel and blade (355mm long with 228 blade). This are all marked CÉTN for police. There are versions of this blade available without the muzzle ring, converted by the Germans, since the smaller mounting would not be adequate for 'use' these are thought to be used as 'dress' blades or hangers, and not as a military weapon.


Many of these blades have been refinished during their life, either by the Germans during the war (during ring removal), or post war to clean up for sale. Blades can be found Blued, White, Shot blasted or phosphated. Pristine looking blades may have been refinished for sale and not original manufacture. It is not my intention to cover the minutia of these blades, but give a good basic grounding on the blades.

The Turkish took many of these blades and used them both on the original Czech Mauser and later modified them to suit the 1935 pattern Turkish rifle. I have included both variations below, as well as Czech, Rumanian,Slovak and blades made/converted during the German occupation. I have not got any export blades that I have provenance for so have not included any other countries. A modified hilt version of the VZ24 with a long VZ23 style blade with a 'normal' cutting edge was used by Iran, who purchased VZ24's between 1930 to 1934 to fit the 98/29 export rifle.

There are many slight variations to these blades, which unfortunately are difficult to identify due to the lack of markings. I have one that is tentatively identified as Peruvian, and another unknown variation, probably for another South American country. A third has a stylised Swan imprinted on the hilt

Israel used these blades during the 1949 war and after

Czech Vz24 Mauser Serial Numbers

1895 with OEWG and unknown ricasso mark

Unknown ricasso marking

Austrian OEWG marks on opposite ricasso

Czech acceptance marks on pommel

Austrian 1895 with Czech markings

Austrian 1895 NCO model Issued to Czech unit

Pommel Marking shows 3 Cavalry issue (3J) pre 1936

Original Austrian makers mark

Added Czech marking on opposite ricasso of S Lion 8 for an Oppava based infantry unit

VZ23 short, with blade edge in reversed configuration

Blade ricasso marked CSZ, scabbard frog stud F XXXXX, the scabbard is not original to blade

Pommel marked 00036, making this an early one in the run. I am unsure as to the end user of this blade so have left it in Czechoslovakia as the maker

1923 marked VZ24 bayonet

Circled lion mark on VZ24

VZ 24

Scabbard and hilt markings on Export VZ

VZ24 with markings showing manufacture by BRNO (tgf) under Russian control (crossed swords) in 1950

Heavily blued post war manufactured VZ24 marked E3 46

Marking on tang and not ricasso as pre war models

CSV over E on blade ricasso

Z1 30 scabbard frog markings of pre war scabbard

VZ24 Variation, probably for a South American country Has slightly different pommel and muzzle ring shapes

N block CSZ marking

Comparison of standard VZ24 (top) to variation

1924 dated VZ24

1924 date on Ricasso

8HN unit pommel marks

VZ33 in white, rather than the German reworked blued finish. The S in the CSZ on the ricasso has been struck out, was this done by the Czechs or the Germans. Tang and frog stud are marked E Lion 35

VZ33 with CÉTN markings

Pommel CÉTN markings

Total length = mmBlade length = mmBlade width = mmMRD = mm
VZ24 without pommel rifle mounts, came in a FS marked scabbard

CZ24 made under German occupation WaA63 marks only

WaA63 stamp on frog stud

WaA on tang as well, note dark black grips

WaA 607 marked blade showing Bystrica production around 1941

WaA 607 ricasso stamp, opposite face shows the Circled Z Czech marking

Pommel marking 7.S, meaning of this is currently unknown

VZ24 manufactured under German occupation, blade is Circle Z marked on one ricasso and has the German WaA stamp A80 on the other

WaA stamp A80 predates 945 and DOT coded German made VZ's

VZ33 de-ringed by Germans in WWII

VZ33 markings

Pommel marks

WaA stamped VZ24 courtesy of Brian Conkle circa 1940.

Close up of WaA ricasso stamp Eagle 607.

VZ 24 made under German occupation by BRNO factory, marked with 945 manufacturer code on ricasso

VZ24 manufactured under German occupation, blade is Circle Z marked on one ricasso and has the German WaA stamp A80 on the other

VZ24 DOT 42 coded with blued blade

DOT 42 scabbard marks

DOT42 coded VZ24 with blade in white

WAa stamp on scabbard stud

VZ 24 DOT 43 coded, with muzzle ring Rumanian export contract

DOT markings and muzzle ring.

VZ24 de Ringed leaving very high 'ears'

Ricasso markings on VZ24, crossguard has circled z marking

VZ24 Ricasso marks and scabbard with German style side screw.

Fighting knife made from a cut down czechVZ24, came in early pre 1940 production 84/98 scabbard with 1940 marked frog

comparison of fighter with full length un modified bayonet

Interestingly the scabbard is only marked with a serial number on the back face for the throat

1940 dated frog

VZ24 without pommel rifle mounts, came in a FS marked scabbard

Czechoslovak VZ24 with Israeli army acceptance marks on crossguard and frog stud. Israel bought large numbers of weapons from Czechoslovakia during the original 1949 war of independence


Early Persian contract used ex Czech blades with markings deleted

Makers marks left intact

Czech pommel stamps not removed but you can just see the Persian Crest lightly over striking the 14P Czech mark

Original L frog stud has been removed and French style strap added. I have another blade with the scabbard having original Czech marks struck out on the L shaped frog

I am unsure as to the relevance of the tang marks and as to whether they are Czech or Persian

Persian 98/22

Scabbard is ex Czech VZ23 which indicates this bayonet is one of the first contract blades

98-22 for Persia

Pommel Markings

Same size as a VZ24 but with larger pommel and normal edge down blade

Modifications to tang and grips Probably due to damage and subsequent re shaping

modified grips and serial on the frog stud, which is the only marking

Summary of Rumanian markings, supplied by Brian Conkle

Czech VZ24

Rumanian markings on Czechoslovakian VZ24 bayonet

Czech VZ24 with double horse head ricasso stamp

Slovak issue VZ24 with shot blasted finish to blade

Slovak Mountain stamp without dates and Rumanian marks on tang

Bayonet supplied to puppet Slovakia government during German occupation in WWII detail of scabbard markings - only distinguishing feature

Vz24 Mauser Serial Numbers

1926 the obtained 98/22 rifles and bayonets further blades with VZ24 handles on VZ23 blades were obtained in 1936 these are undated

Modified Czech 1895,crossguard has been modified

Markings and modified crossguard detail

Czech VZ23 unmodified

Ricasso marks on VZ23

VZ24 Variation, probably for a South American country Has slightly different pommel and muzzle ring shapes

N block CSZ marking

Comparison of standard VZ24 (top) to variation

T block VZ24 with oversize grips

Serial under Pommel and along tang, and oversize grips

Swan (?) mark on hilt of VZ24